The vine is cultivated in Italy since the second millennium BC, it doesn't exist any Italian region that does not have its own vineyards. From north to south, in the hills, in the plains, in the mountains, even on the smaller islands, the vine thrives. Thanks to its geographical location and its history, Italy is the country in the world with the largest variety of vines. The varieties of vines can be distinguished by different shapes and colors of grapes, of the cluster and of the leaves, as well as for different ripening periods, and especially for the various organoleptic characteristics of the wines obtained from them.In Italy the most common among the red grapes are Nebbiolo, Sangiovese, Barbera, Primitivo and Montepulciano, so when it comes to Italian wines, the first mentioned are usually the reds of Piedmont or Tuscany: Barolo, Barbaresco, Brunello di Montalcino, Chianti are world famous names, the symbols of Italian wine. Italian red wines, however, are not limited to these areas: in every Italian region you can find very great red wines produced with both local and international grape varieties: then let's cite wines such as Taurasi, Amarone della Valpolicella, the Sangiovese of Romagna , the Negroamaro of Salento, Cannonau of Sardegna, Sicilian wines made from Nero d'Avola and, why not, the various Lambrusco Emilia, much appreciated abroad for its versatility and drinkability.